Types of Acne
Blackheads (Open Comedones)
A blackhead is formed when pores become clogged with sebum, dead skin cells, or dirt. These clogged pores are filled with a ‘plug’ and the tip of the plug turns black when it comes in contact with oxygen in the air.
This is due to oxidation of the plug and is known as an open comedone. The difference between blackheads and whiteheads is that blackheads have an opening on the skin surface whereas a whitehead is covered by a layer of skin. Like whiteheads, blackheads are very commonly seen appearing on the forehead and t-zone areas.
Blackheads are firm, and can be small or accumulate to become much bigger in size. When extracted, the plug is usually whitish or yellowish with a black tip. A blackhead can become infected with bacteria and cause inflammation, resulting in papular or pustular acne if not taken care of.
How should blackheads be treated?
At Aeras, we always aim to treat the cause and ensure that it does not return after treatment.
The treatment of blackheads would be typical of treating clogged pores and keratolytic agents are required to dislodge the plugs to prevent build up within the pores. Like whiteheads, the two main steps in treatment are;
Exfoliation/extraction is achieved through in-clinic procedures, and daily skincare. This ensures that the pores are less clogged over time and reduce the appearance of whiteheads and blackheads. Extractions, when performed properly and skilfully, reduce existing blackheads to prevent further inflammative acne.
Procedures we do that help exfoliate/extract and reduces clogged pores include;
These procedures not only help exfoliate and reduce clogged pores, but they also help reduce oil production, shrink the oil glands, and reduce acne-causing bacteria.
Moisturisation is crucial to maintaining healthy skin, and at the same time reducing clogged pores and whiteheads. If the skin is dry and dehydrated, it tends to moisturise itself by producing more oil. At the same time, dry skin also results in more dead skin cells. The increased amount of dead skin cells and increase oil production would result in more clogged pores.
Procedures we do that help moisturise the skin include;
These procedures can provide short and long-term hydration needed to reduce oil production and moisturise the skin.
Skincare that helps with blackheads and oily skin
Our Aeras skincare range is specifically designed to include different products for different types of acne.
For blackheads and comedonal acne, we recommend different skincare ingredients that help unclog pores and reduce oil production.
Skincare ingredients that helps exfoliate and moisturise:
For mild to moderate papular/pustular acne, we recommend skincare ingredients that helps exfoliate and moisturise:
AHAs and BHAs are mild acids that are widely known to help unclog pores and exfoliate the skin. Examples of AHAs and BHAs used in our various skincare products fro comedonal acne include Salicylic acid, Glycolic acid, Mandelic acid, Lactic acid, and Lactobionic acid.
Products that contains AHA/BHA include Aeras’ Clarify + Calm Cleanser, Sebum Control Cleanser, Sebum Control Moisturizer, Correct + Calm Blemish Correcting Toner, Bionic lotion, 15% gel plus.
PHAs are the latest generations of AHAs. PHAs not only delivers the full benefits of AHAs, but has added benefits of moisturizing the skin, strengthening skin barrier, and anti-oxidative properties. PHAs, like Gluconolactone and Lactobionic acid, is a 2nd and 3rd generation AHA that also exfoliates the skin, while at the same time moisturising it due to its water-attracting properties. These unique PHAs, carefully combined with the usual AHA/BHAs are what make our skincare product effective and standout from the rest.
Products that contains PHA include Aeras’ Clarify + Calm Cleanser and Combo PHA Lotion.
Being able to hold 1000x its weight in water, Hyaluronic acid is a key ingredient in many moisturisers. Formulated with low molecular weight Hyaluronic Acid (LMW HA), our moisturising products ensure deep penetration of the HA molecules to hydrate the skin.
Products that contains Hyaluronic acid include Aeras’ Ultra-LMW HA Serum, Ultra-LMW Redness Control HA Serum.
Differin Gel/Topical Retin A
Both Differin and topical Retin A contain retinoids. Topical retinod is a keratolytic agent that softens and causes desquamation of the epithelium. This means that these agents slough off the dead skin cells and promotes skin renewal. This aids the natural exfoliation of the skin and unclog pores.